Top 10 Man-Made Wonders of the World: Here is the list of top 10 man-made wonders of the world. These ten wonders are definitely the must-see destinations. The unique power of creativity of man is evident in these structures. You will be really amazed to know that these were built in those ancient times when there were no modern machines, or technology was used. They show the rich culture and artistic skills of the men behind the constructions. These are the places you must visit once in your lifetime.
10. Roman Baths
Roman Baths is a house that is a well-preserved Roman site for public bathing. It has undergone many reconstructions. The main features of this site are the Sacred Spring, the Roman Temple, the Roman Bath House and the Museum holding finds from Roman Bath. Roman Baths is one of the most visited places in the world. The visitors are allowed to see the Baths and Museum but are not permitted to enter the water. The hot springs The baths and the Grand Pump Room receive more than one million visitors a year. It is one of the man-made wonders of the world.
9. Leaning Tower of Pisa
The Leaning Tower of Pisa is one of the wonders of our planet. It is famous for its unintended tilt and is located in the Italian city of Pisa. Tower of Pisa is the third oldest structure in Pisa’s Cathedral Square and is situated behind the Cathedral. The tower has a height of about 55.86 meters. There is a controversy about the real identity of the architect of the tower. It is believed that Guglielmo and Bonanno Pisano, a famous 12th-century artist of Pisa, are the architects of the Leaning Tower. This wonderful building was constructed in three stages and took about 199 years.
Colosseum is an oval amphitheater in the center of the city of Rome, Italy. The construction of this monument began at the time of Emperor Vespasian; the construction was completed under his successor Titus and some modifications was done during the reign of Domitian. Formerly the building was used for entertainment in the early medieval era. It is one of the most visited theater in Rome. The Colosseum could hold about 50,000 to 80,000 at a time. Due to earthquakes and stone robbery it is partially damaged, nut it still stands as the iconic symbol of the Imperial Rome. The theater was known as Flavian Amphitheatre and is the largest amphitheater to have ever been built in the Roman Empire.
7. Chichen Itza
Chichen Itza, built by the Maya people of the Terminal Class period, was a large pre-Columbian city. It is an archeological site situated in Mexico. It is one of the largest Maya cities and has been one of the great mythical cities. If you visit this place, you will get an idea about the architectural styles and the culture of Central Mexico. It is visited by 1.4 million tourists every year and is one of the most visited archeological sites in Mexico. Chichen Itza is a Maya name which means “at the mouth of the well of the Itza.”
6. Hagia Sophia
Hagia Sophia is situated in Turkey. It was a Christian patriarchal basilica (church), later an imperial mosque, and now a museum in Istanbul. It was constructed in 537 AD. And it became a museum from 1st February 1935. Hagia Sophia was the world’s largest cathedral fro nearly a thousand years till the construction of Seville Cathedral. Now the building is famous for its massive dome and is regarded as the epitome of Byzantine architecture. It shows the mixture of the culture of the land of Istanbul. This monument is considered to have changed the history of architecture.
5. Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu is situated on a mountain ridge above the valley of Urubamba in Peru. In 1983, UNESCO declared it as the World Heritage Site. It is above the Sacred Valley and near the Urubamba River flows. It is also called as the lost city of Incas. Many of the archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the emperor of Pachacuti. The site now stands as a symbol of Inca civilization. A lot of tourists visit here to know more about the Inca civilization and culture. The classical Inca style construction, polished dry stone walls are all the attractions of the place.
4. Taj Mahal of Agra
Taj Mahal was built during the reign of Shahjahan, the Mughal emperor. It is considered as the symbol of love as it is where the tomb of his favorite wife Mumtaz Mahal is housed. It is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna River in Agra, India. This is one of the most visited places by tourists all over the world. It includes a mosque, guest house, and gardens which surrounded on three sides by a crenellated wall. In the year 1983, it was selected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site as is ”the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage”. The construction cost of Taj Mahal is estimated to be 32 million rupees and was built by 20,000 artisans under the direction of a board of architects led by the court architect to the emperor, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri.
3. Cristo Redeemer
It is one of the world famous statues in the world. Cristo Redeemer is a statue of Jesus Christ built by Brazilian engineer Heitor da Silva Costa, in collaboration with the French engineer Albert Caquot and created by the Polish-French sculptor Paul Landowski. The Art Deco statue is situated in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The statue is the cultural icon of both Rio de Janeiro and Brazil. It is built of soapstone and reinforced concrete. Cristo Redeemer Statue is considered to be one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
Petra is noted for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system. It is a historical and archaeological city which is located in the southern Jordanian governorate of Ma’an. It is one of the most visited tourist attraction in Jordan. This site was unknown and was found by the Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. Form 1985, Petra is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. And the UNESCo describes Petra as “one of the most precious cultural properties of man’s cultural heritage”. It was selected by the Smithsonian Magazine as one of the “28 Places to See Before You Die”.
1. The Great Wall of China
The great wall of China is one of the top 10 man-made wonders of the world. It is a series of walls made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials. And it is built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China to defend the Chinese states and empires against the raids and attacks of the various nomadic groups of the Eurasian Steppe. The Great Wall extends from Dandong in the east to Lop Lake in the west, and along an arc that roughly delineates the southern edge of Inner Mongolia. The wall extends to about 21,196 km. It was built in 7th century BC.