Top 10 Most Stunning Volcanoes On the Planet: The volcanoes are dangerous and active. They are even considered as gods and worshiped by many people. A volcano symbolizes the force of nature that is truly inspiring with fear. We know that they are formed as a result of the tectonic movements of the Earth’s crust. The majority of the volcanoes are famous for their deadly nature, but they also create fertile soil around them. They are unique and impressive. If you have got a chance to see the amazing volcanoes, you should not really miss visiting these 10 stunning volcanoes on the planet.
10. Popocatepetl Volcano, Mexico
Popocatepetl Volcano is the second highest peak in Mexico after Citlaltepetl. It is commonly known by the name El Popo, and it lies in the eastern half of the Trans-Mexican. It lies on the southeast of Mexican City and has a height of about 5,426 m. The mountain’s name Popocatépetl comes from the Nahuatl language, and it has an interesting meaning as Smoking Mountain. It has a close association with the lore of the region with San Gregorio, and so it has got another nickname Don Goyo. This volcano attracts many tourists from all over the world. On the slope of the volcano, there are monasteries constructed by the Spanish monks in the 16th century. The Popocatepetl volcano has erupted most recently in the year 2013.
9. Krakatoa, Indonesia
The Krakatoa volcano is situated in the Sunda Strait and lies between the islands of Java and Sumatra. The volcano located in Indonesia is one of the dangerous and active volcanoes in the world. But it is a favorite tourists spot. The people go there for fishing in the lagoons and boat trips. The Krakatoa is a part of the Ujung Kulon National Park. The volcanic eruption happens there due to the subduction of the Indo-Australian tectonic plate as it moves northward towards mainland Asia. The historic eruption occurred in 1883, and the explosions were so violent that it killed thousands of people. And a new island was formed after the eruption, and it was called Anak Krakatau, i.e., the Child of Krakatoa.
8. Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
The highest mountain in Africa, Kilimanjaro is a part of Kilimanjaro National Park. Because of its stunning glaciers, it has been the subject of many scientific studies. It has a height of about 5,895 meters above the sea level and is a favorite climbing destination for the tourists. Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest volcano outside South America. It is a massive stratovolcano, and it has three different volcanic cones – Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira. The volcano and the surroundings are famous for its vegetation. Around Kilimanjaro, natural forests cover about 1,000 square kilometers. And the climate of the Kilimanjaro is largely influenced by the height of the mountain, which allows the simultaneous impact of the equatorial trade winds and the high altitude anti-trades, and the isolated position of the mountain.
7. Mount Bromo, Indonesia
Mount Bromo belongs to the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. It is an active volcano which has a height of about 2,329 meters and is a part of the Tengger massif. The name Bromo is derived from the Javanese pronunciation of Brahma. And so it has got great cultural significance too. The people of Probolinggo, East Java, on the fourteenth day of the Hindu Festival Yadnya Kasada make many offerings fruit, rice, vegetables, flowers and sacrifices of livestock to the mountain gods. It is the most famous volcanoes in the South East Asia. It is easy to visit the Mount Bromo from the nearby village of Cemero Lawang. Lastly, the Mount Bromo erupted in the year 2004. Sometimes the visitors are not allowed to the mountain, as the Indonesian Centre for Volcanology and Disaster Hazard Mitigation issues warnings.
6. Mount St. Helens, USA
Also known as Louwala – Clough is a stratovolcano situated in the Skamania County, Washington, in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. Mount St. Helens is 34 miles west of Mount Adams, in the western part of the Cascade Range. The St. Helens volcano is famous for its ash explosions and pyroclastic flows. It has got its name from the British diplomat Lord St Helens, who was a friend of explorer George Vancouver who made a survey of the area in the late 18th century. In May 1980, the most famous catastrophic eruption occurred, and it is the most deadliest and most economically destructive volcanic event in the history of the United States. A lot of people lost their lives. The Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument is an attractive place which attracts many tourists from everywhere.
5. Thrihnukagigur Volcano, Iceland
Last erupted over four thousand years ago; Thrihnukagigur Volcano is one of the most amazing volcanoes in the world. The name of the volcano is not very easily pronounceable by the people other than the locals. And the meaning of the name is translated to Three Peaks Crater. This volcano is a part of Blaafjoll Country Park. And one of the striking features of the Thrihnukagigur is that it is the only volcano in the world which can explode on the inside. The visitors mainly approach the mountain to explore the 120-meter deep primary cater. This is one of the volcanoes worth visiting.
4. Arenal Volcano, Costa Rica
Arenal Volcano is a very young volcano, and its age is expected to be less than 7,500 years old. An active stratovolcano is situated in the north-western Costa Rica in the district of La Fortuna. You can safely watch the lava flow if you visit this volcano. Arenal Volcano is an active volcano surrounded by the Arenal Volcano National Park. It is one of seven historically active Costa Rican volcanoes along with Poás, Irazú, Miravalles, Orosí, Rincón de la Vieja complex, and Turrialba. The land around the mountain is fertile, and the tourists visit to experience the flora and fauna. You also get opportunities to enjoy swimming, mountain bike riding, rafting, and trekking. The volcano is also called Pan de Azucar and Volcan Costa Rica.
3. Mount Etna, Italy
Mount Etna is the tallest active volcano in Europe. The mountain is 3,329 m high and covers an area of 1,190 km/square. It lies on the east coast of the island of Sicily, Italy, in the Province of Catania, between Messina and Catania. Al large number of visitors visit the Mount Etna every year. Etna is also the highest mountain in Italy south of the Alps. The Mount Etna is always active, and it constantly gives out lava and ash. This volcano was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in June 2013. The Mount has been designated as a Decade Volcano by the United Nations, due to its history of recent activity and nearby population.
2. Mount Fuji, Japan
The highest mountain peak in Japan, Mount Fuji is located on the island of Honshu. The mountain is about 100 kilometers southwest of Tokyo. Mount Fuji is frequently visited, climbers and tourists. It also acts as a cultural symbol and one of the Japan’s Historic Sites. Fuji is one of the “three holy mountains” along with Mount Tate and Mount Haku. It last erupted in 1707 and is one of the active stratovolcanoes in the world. Apart of the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park and the UNESCO recognizes 25 sites of cultural interest within the Mt. Fuji locality. It has influenced and inspired a lot of poets and artists.
1. Mt. Vesuvius, Italy
Mount Vesuvius is one of the several volcanoes which form the Campanian volcanic arc. The Vesuvius has lastly erupted in the year 1944. The volcano is situated in the Gulf of Naples, Italy. The Mount Vesuvius has now become a part of the Vesuvius National Park. The Mount Vesuvius has historical significance. The eruption occurred in AD 79 led to the burial and destruction of some Roman cities like Pompeii, and Herculaneum. The volcano is the most densely populated volcanic region in the world. This amazing volcano has a long historical and literary tradition. You get a lot of information regarding the Mount Vesuvius from the surrounding national park. It is one of the places worth visiting in a lifetime. It is viewed as one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world as it is surrounded by the population of 3,000,000 people living nearby and its tendency towards explosive eruptions.