Top 10 Most Popular Volcanoes in the World : People stay away from volcanoes. It is because of the worry lying in their mind. People get every detail about these natural disasters from internet and television. Here is a list of Top 10 Most Popular Volcanoes in the World.
10. Cotopaxi, Ecuador
Cotopaxi, Ecuador is one of the most popular volcanoes in the world. It is also known as one of the active volcanoes in the world. It is located in the parts of Andes mountain and the Pacific Ring of Fire. It is covered by symmetrical snow stratovolcano is located on the Eastern Cordillera of the Ecuadorian Andes, 60 km south of Quito and 35 km northeast of Latacunga. The main feature is that it is the second highest summit in Ecuador and it reaching the height of 5,897 m (19,347 ft). Cotopaxi has erupted more than 50 times from 1738. The most notable eruptions of Cotopaxi were in 1744, 1768, 1877, and 1904. Sometimes it creates pyroclastic flows and destructive mudflows (lahars). Some lahars reached 100 km and reached the Pacific to the west and the Amazon Basin to the east. The volcano is active in most of the time and till today 85 eruptions have been recorded. The last eruption lasted from 2015 to January 2016.
9. Mount Etna, Italy
Mount Etna, Italy is one of the tallest active volcanoes of Europe. It remains active for all time. The main thing about Mount Etna is that it is associated with the subduction of the African plate under the Eurasian plate, which also produced Vesuvius and Campi Flegrei, but it is part of the different volcanic arc. It is located on the east coast of Sicily, Italy, in the Province of Catania. It situated in above the convergent plate margin between the African Plate and the Eurasian Plate. It has been recorded more than 500,000 eruptions and is in the midst of a series started in the year 2001. Mount Etna is one of the most popular volcanoes in the world, and it always remains active. A lot of people living on Etna’s slopes and the people depend on this as a major source of income from agriculture because of its rich volcanic soil and also from tourism. Mount Etna has brought a variety of eruption styles.
8. Popocatépetl, Central Mexico
Popocatépetl, Central Mexico is an active volcano situated in the states of Puebla, Mexico, and Morelos, in Central Mexico, and lies in the eastern half of the Trans-Mexican volcanic belt. The elevation of Popocatépetl is about 5,426 m (17,802 ft). This volcano is 720,000 years old and is frequently active. It has been producing powerful explosions from 1994. In the past centuries, it has been created major eruptions, and it leads giant mudflows that have buried Antique settlements, even complete pyramids. The first eruption was recorded in the Year 1991, and it is the highest peak in Mexico. Popocatépetl is associated to the Iztaccihuatl volcano to the north by the high saddle named Paso de Cortés. Popocatépetl can be found from the southeast of Mexico City, and it is based on atmos[heric conditions.
7. Krakatoa (Krakatau), Indonesia
Krakatoa is a volcanic island located in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra in the Indonesian province of Lampung. Volcanic activity is due to subduction of the Indo-Australian tectonic plate as it moves northward towards mainland Asia.This volcano is also one of the popular volcanoes in the world which can be seen on the Indonesian island as well as Australia. This hundred of years old Krakatoa’s first eruption was recorded in the year 1883. It was one of the most deadly volcanic eruptions in modern history and resulted 36,000 people died. People died because of thermal injury from the blasts, and many people were victims of the tsunamis that followed the collapse of the volcano into the caldera below sea level. The sound being heard up to 3,000 miles (4,800 km) from its point of origin. The explosion had created such waves which recorded on barographs worldwide for days afterwards.
6. Mount Mayon, Philippines
Mount Mayon is the most famous active volcano in the Philippines. It is popular for its symmetrical conical shape also known as “Perfect Cone”. It is situated in the Philippine province of Albay, on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. It’s the first eruption was on June 23, 1897, and it erupts frequently. Mount Mayon is one of the most active volcanoes in the world. Its regular eruption creates pyroclastic flows, mud flows and ash falls that repeatedly noticed;arge-scale evacuations. The volcano and its surrounding landscape became national park on July 20, 1938, the first in the country. Then it became renamed as Mayon Volcano Natural Park during 2000. Mayon’s major eruption was recorded in the year 1814, and it causes the death of 1200 people and devastates many towns. the volcano rises 2462 m above the Albay Gulf and has very steep upper slopes averaging 35-40 degrees capped by a small summit crater.
5. Mount Pinatubo, Philippines
Mount Pinatubo is one of the most famous volcanoes in the world. It is an active stratovolcano in the Cabusilan Mountains on the island of Luzon, near the tripoint of the Philippine provinces of Zambales, Tarlac and Pampanga. Mount Pinatubo’s eruption history is unknown to everyone until 1991. The Cataclysmic 1991 Eruption of Mount Pinatubo was the second-largest volcanic eruption of this century. This eruption caused harmly as it is affected a densely populated area, occurred at Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines on June 15, 1991. The eruption caused high-speed avalanches of hot ash and gas, giant mudflows, and a cloud of volcanic ash hundreds of miles across. Thus, the last eruption was so severe, and it destroyed many houses in the surrounding areas. It erupted about 2.4 m3 magma. It began when a huge cloud of volcanic ash and gas rises above Mount Pinatubo and three days after the volcano exploded in the second-largest volcanic eruption on Earth in this century. The consequences of this eruption affected in worldwide, and it injected more particulate into the stratosphere than any eruption since Krakatoa in 1883.
4. Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland
Eyjafjallajökull is one of the smaller ice caps of Iceland, north of Skógar and west of Mýrdalsjökull. The height of the mountain is about 1600 meters, and its crater is 2.5 miles in diameter. Its name comes from an Icelandic phrase meaning “the island’s mountain glacier,”. This volcano erupted in 920, 1612 or 1613, and 1821–23. The last eruption lasted for nearly 14 months. The main feature of Eyjafjallajökull eruption is that the eruption happened at the same time of eruption of Katla. The volcano has erupted regularly, and the last one erupted in the year 2010. It started in the month of January with the onset of clusters of small earthquakes. The eruption caused many damages and the heat from the lava quickly melted and vaporised the glacier ice above. Mud, ice, and meltwater running off the volcano swelled local rivers and streams, especially the Markarfljót glacial river west of the volcano, which flooded farmland and damaged roads. Eyjafjallajökull is also one of the most popular volcanoes in the world.
3. Mount Fuji, Japan
Mount Fuji, Japan is one of the famous volcanoes in the world. It is located on Honshu Island, Tokyo. It is the highest mountain peak in Japan, and the height of the Mount Fuji is about 3,776.24 m (12,389 ft). Mount Fuji is one of the active volcanoes in the world. We can be found Mount Fuji from South-West of Tokyo. It lies 100 km from south-west of Tokyo, and we can see it on a clear day. It’s last time eruption was recorded in the month of January 1708. The mountain is the notable feature of Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park. Mount Fuji is also the centre of a UNESCO World Heritage site designated in 2013. The source of its name is unknown to everyone, and it is said to be Fuji no Yama in Hitachi no Kuni fudoki (713 cm). Mount Fuji considered as the sacred symbol of Japan and it is because of its graceful conical form. It is also one of Japan’s “Three Holy Mountains” along with Mount Tate and Mount Haku.
2. Mount St. Helens Volcano, Washington
Mount St. Helens Volcano is also one of the most popular volcanoes in the world. It is an active stratovolcano located in Skamania County, Washington, in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It is 96 miles away from the south of Seattle, Washington, and 50 miles (80 km) northeast of Portland, Oregon. It’s severe eruption was recorded in 1980, and it considered to be one of the worst eruptions in the history of USA. Another eruption of Mount St. Helens recorded on May 18, 1980. It is a major volcanic eruption occurred at Mount St. Helens. The eruption caused many things such as a two-month series of earthquakes and steam-venting episodes. It happened because of an injection of magma at shallow depth below the volcano that created a huge bulge and a fracture system on the mountain’s north slope. The eruption damaged everything, and fifty-seven people were killed including innkeeper Harry R. Truman, photographer Reid Blackburn and geologist David A. Johnston.
1. Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii
Kilauea Volcano is the youngest and most active Hawaiian shield volcano, and it is situated in the southern part of the Island of Hawai’i. Hawaii is the southernmost and largest of the island chain. Much of its parts lying on underwater. The volcano is covered by four volcanoes. These four volcanoes joined and made an island. It is 300,000 and 600,000 years old volcano and emerged above sea level about 100,000 years ago. The main feature is that it is the second youngest product of the Hawaiian hotspot and the current eruptive centre of the Hawaiian–Emperor seamount chain. The main thing of Kilauea Volcano is that it caused many impacts on its mountainside ecology. The growth of the plants was interrupted by this active volcano’s fresh tephra and drifting volcanic sulphur dioxide, producing acid rains particularly in a barren area south of its southwestern rift zone known as the Kaʻū Desert. It frequently erupts from vents either on its summit (caldera) or the rift zones.